This exercise uses PDAL to fetch data from an Entwine index stored in an Amazon Web Services object store (bucket). Entwine is a point cloud indexing strategy, which rearranges points into a lossless octree structure known as EPT, for Entwine Point Tiles. The structure is described here: https://entwine.io/entwine-point-tile.html.

EPT indexes can be used for visualization as well as analysis and data manipulation at any scale.

Examples of Entwine usage can be found from very fine photogrammetric surveys to continental scale lidar management.

US Geological Survey (USGS) example data is here: https://usgs.entwine.io/

We will use a sample data set from Dublin, Ireland


  1. View the entwine.json file in your editor. If the file does not exist, create it and paste the following JSON into it:

        "pipeline": [
                "type": "readers.ept",
                "resolution": 5
                "type": "writers.las",
                "compression": "true",
                "minor_version": "2",
                "dataformat_id": "0",


    If you use the Developer Console when visiting http://speck.ly or http://potree.entwine.io, you can see the browser making requests against the EPT resource at http://na-c.entwine.io/dublin/ept.json

  2. Issue the following command in your Conda Shell.

    pdal pipeline ./excercises/translation/entwine.json -v 7
  1. Verify that the data look ok:

    pdal info dublin.laz | jq .stats.bbox.native.bbox
    pdal info dublin.laz -p 0
  2. Visualize the data in http://plas.io



  1. readers.ept contains more detailed documentation about how to use PDAL’s EPT reader .